Many are unaware of a growing epidemic that is the cause for one-fifth of deaths globally. It is also one of the most preventable forms of death worldwide. Some may think it is drugs, violence or even shark attacks, but no –it is the growing problem of obesity. Do to the lack of awareness, exercise programs, and forms of prevention, it has fallen through the cracks of man and been allowed to plague the existence of humanity.
Before touching upon obesity, there are a few things that should be known about the disease. Obesity and overweight are often used together and commonly confused. Obesity is the occurrence where an individual has an excess amount of body fat whereas being overweight means that one has excess body weight resulting from higher content of muscle, bone, fat, or even body water. The problem of being overweight can eventually lead to obesity which can cause cardiovascular problems and other life-threatening medical health problems, such as diabetes, that will be discussed further in this paper.
The body mass index rate (BMI) is the global measurement for obesity. It is taken by the person’s weight in kilograms and divided by height in meters squared. If a man’s body fat, or BMI, is greater than 25%, then the man is considered to be obese. If a woman’s BMI is greater than 30%, they are considered the same.
Obesity is a global problem because it is affecting millions of people worldwide killing hundreds of thousands annually. As shown, “in 2008, more than 1.4 billion adults, 20 and older, were overweight. Of these, over 200 million men and nearly 300 million women were obese…” contributing to the growing problem of obesity as stated by ‘WHO Int., factsheet on obesity’. That means that in 2008 alone over 500 million people were obese, and the number is still climbing. Although obesity is a global problem, it is also a problem on the individual and group level at home, in the office and social places as well.